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A water rocket is a type of model rocket using water as its reaction mass. The pressure vessel (the engine of the rocket) is constructed from thin plastic or other non metallic materials (usually a used plastic soft drink bottle) weighing 1,500 grams or less. The water is forced out by compressed air. It is an example of Newton's third law of motion.

Class D the big reach for 500 feet. Val6

Discussions about rockets, construction materials, adhesives, nozzles, nosecones and fin design.
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retrotec29
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Class D the big reach for 500 feet. Val6

Post by retrotec29 » Mon Jun 04, 2018 9:49 am

The weather here has finally turned toward summer. Time to start flying again. After a lot of work in Open Rocket this winter I have come up with a new contender for Class D. Several bottle shapes were considered and modeled but they all ran into one big problem. Overall surface area is a huge factor in the drag equation. The loss of one inch of airframe length can have more performance impact than nose cone or fin shapes. As the airframe gets shorter the shape of the aft section becomes more important than the nose as well. So I turned back to the Crystal Guiser 1.25l bottle. Using Val3 as a benchmark Val6 is 70mm shorter 17 grams lighter a has 10% less fin area. Still using my rubber band deployment for recovery but it has seen several refinements as well. Drag coefficient for Val3 was somewhere in the 0.06-0.07 range. Val6 should be below 0.05. Several enviormental factors contribut to the low numbers on both rockets. So I will be haunting my launch site the next couple weeks to collect data. Hopefully I will post a successful test flight soon.
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anachronist
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Re: Class D the big reach for 500 feet. Val6

Post by anachronist » Mon Jun 04, 2018 6:31 pm

Yes, my own simulations also show that cross-sectional area has a powerful influence on final altitude. So I've collected some bottles that are long and thin.

Do you have a Japanese grocery store in your area? They're common where I live. You might look for a bottle of "Mitsuya Cider". It's 1.5 liters (so it will contain more energy for thrust than 1.25L) and has a smaller diameter than those 1.25L bottles. Picture is here: https://shop.r10s.jp/don-online01/cabin ... 63411b.jpg

You want to break 500 feet, I recommend you find a couple of those. I've been itching to try it myself but my job isn't giving me the spare time.

I tried buying a Calpico soda bottle, which is the same size and shape, but the Calpico soda bottles use 2 piece bottle with an insert in the neck, so my launch tube wouldn't fit. These Mitsuya Cider bottles look the same but they're 1 piece. I haven't bought one yet but being 1 piece I suspect my launch tube will fit.



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retrotec29
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Re: Class D the big reach for 500 feet. Val6

Post by retrotec29 » Mon Jun 04, 2018 7:31 pm

I had considered a similar 1.5L bottle but the redesign of the deployment mechanism added to much weight. Some of the numbers from my Open Rocket simulations suggest a larger diameter bottle with a good taper may be just as efficient. There is a 1.5L version of the Crystal Guyser bottle used by L&P in the UK. I made a spliced version for testing last fall. The added preformance was very interesting to say the least. Hard bottle to fined as their packaging has changed. But this is what I have locally. Here is the numbers for Val6 on the Clifford Heath simulator.


Rocket volume: 1.25L
Water volume: 0.35L
Pressure: 100psi
Nozzle size: 22mm
Nozzle loss factor: 0.16
Bottle diameter: 94mm
Coefficient of drag: 0.05
Dry mass: 138g
Initial speed: 0
Launch tube length: 260mm
Launch tube diameter: 21.3mm
Water density: 1

Actual apogee: 511 feet
Burnout velocity: 139.3mph
Burn acceleration: 191.2G


No matter where you go, there you are. Buckaroo Banzai

Rocket_Scientist
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Re: Class D the big reach for 500 feet. Val6

Post by Rocket_Scientist » Tue Jun 26, 2018 9:16 pm

Exciting!

You are definitely on the right path!

How are you running simulations to get drag esitmates?



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retrotec29
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Re: Class D the big reach for 500 feet. Val6

Post by retrotec29 » Wed Jun 27, 2018 7:38 am

The Val3 benchmark was created in Open Rocket. Afterwards actual flights confirmed the drag coefficient and the simulation was tweaked to match. The Val6 simulation was built on that. But right now it is just a simulation. Building the rocket to specification was not to hard. Finding time to fly in favorable conditions with all my overtime at work has been the real challenge.


No matter where you go, there you are. Buckaroo Banzai

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